Abstract

Only few studies have specifically investigated diet-induced thermogenesis in anorexia nervosa. Twenty women, 10 anorectics (body mass index [BMI] = 14.98 +/- 1.02 kg/m(2)) and 10 controls (BMI = 22.53 +/- 0.75 kg/m(2)) were studied. Body composition was evaluated by isotopic dilution. Respiratory gas exchange was measured by indirect calorimetry. An oral glucose load (75 g) was administered to the anorectics (A) and the controls (CA). The controls underwent a second load (CB) with a higher glucose amount (1.85 +/- 0.11 g/kg body weight [BW]) to compare with the load taken by anorectics. Glucose-induced thermogenesis (GIT) was computed for 300 minutes following the load as the percent increase of energy expenditure (EE) above resting-EE (REE). Serum glucose levels were lower in anorectic patients both in fasting (3.46 +/- 0.66 v 5.23 +/- 0.23 in CA, P <.01 v 5.32 +/- 0.34 mmol in CB, P <.01) and in the postprandial state (glucose area under the curve [AUC] 175.51 +/- 6.40 v 289.80 +/- 7.30 in CA, P <.01 v 324.65 mmol in CB, P <.001); insulin AUC was lower, 1,926 +/- 452 versus 41,148 +/- 2,071 in CA, P <.0001 versus 60,765.5 pmol in CB, P <.0001. REE, normalized by fat-free mass (FFM), was similar between groups. GIT was lower in anorectics (3.58 +/- 1.20 v 5.45 +/- 1.83 in CA, P <.05 v 9.09% +/- 1.05% in CB, P <.01). Glucose oxidation was higher in anorectics than in CA (689.44 +/- 72.22 v 333.32 +/- 32.98 micromol/L/min, P <.001), but similar to CB. Lipid oxidation become negative after 30 minutes in anorectics (postprandial lipid oxidation = -93.58 +/- 39.86 v 370.61 +/- 21.73 in CA, P <.0001 v 119.01 +/- 12.32 micromol/L/300 min in CB, P <.0001). Anorectic patients displayed a low REE and GIT. Carbohydrate oxidation was similar between groups; lipid oxidation was extremely reduced. An increased protein catabolism was observed.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)876-881
Numero di pagine6
RivistaMETABOLISM, CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL
Volume50
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2001

Keywords

  • Anorexia Nervosa
  • Area Under Curve
  • Blood Glucose
  • Body Mass Index
  • Energy Metabolism
  • Female
  • Glucose
  • Humans
  • Insulin

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