Black Soldier Fly Larvae Grown on Hemp Fiber: Nutritional Composition and Production of Potential Bioactive Peptides

Giulia Leni, Lorenzo Del Vecchio, Claudia Dellapina, Vita Maria Cristiana Moliterni, Augusta Caligiani, Martina Cirlini

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

Black soldier fly larvae (BSFL) represent a way of converting organic substrates into valuable biomolecules, and are potentially exploitable as feed and food. In the present work, BSFL grown on retted hemp fiber were chemically analyzed to evaluate their nutritional profile. Chemical analysis revealed BSFL biomass to be an interesting source of proteins (40% on dry matter) rich in essential amino acids. In addition, larval biomass contained 12% fat, mainly composed of saturated fatty acids, and β-sitosterol and campesterol were found to be the most abundant among sterols. A total of 9% of the larval biomass was composed of chitin. The investigation extended to the enzymatic hydrolysis of proteins, leading to the identification of potential bioactive peptides. Peptidomics analysis coupled with in silico tools unveiled promising antioxidant, ACE-inhibitory, and DPP-IV-inhibitory properties within the protein hydrolysates. These findings revealed the potential of BSFL grown on retted hemp fiber as a source of dietary compounds as well as bioactive molecules which can be exploited as functional ingredients in the feed and food sectors.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)135-149
Numero di pagine15
RivistaMACROMOL
Volume4
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2024

Keywords

  • Hermetia illucens
  • enzymatic hydrolysis
  • insect
  • novel protein
  • waste valorization

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