Biochemical and clinical correlates of hypouricemia in surgical and critically ill patients

Felice Giuliante, Maria Vellone, Francesco Ardito, Gennaro Nuzzo, Ivo Giovannini, Carlo Chiarla, Federico Pallavicini

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

24 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Changes in plasma uric acid concentration (UA, mu mol/L) in postoperative and critical illness have pathophysiological and clinical relevance and may alter plasma antioxidant capacity. This issue is poorly understood because UA is simultaneously affected by multiple factors with impacts that have never been definitively characterized. Methods: Data from 1050 measurements of UA and additional variables obtained in 151 patients were processed using regression analysis. Results: The main direct correlate of UA was plasma creatinine (Cr), even in the absence of renal failure. UA was also related directly to sodium, glucose, cholesterol, albumin and other variables, and inversely to bilirubin. Postoperatively UA decreased, remaining related to preoperative UA and decreasing further with sepsis. In parenterally fed patients, UA was also inversely related to the amino acid dose. The following best fit explained three-quarters of its variability: UA=85.0(ln Cr, mu mol/L)+0.6(preoperative UA)+4.3 (sodium, mmol/L)+5.4(glucose, mmol/L)-0.2(bilirubin, mu mol/L)-28.9(amino acid dose, g/kg/day) - 935.6; n = 23 1, r(2) =0.74, p < 0.0001. A contribution of extremely low UA to impaired plasma antioxidant capacity was suggested in severe sepsis. Conclusions: These data show the combined effect of several factors on UA. The results may help to evaluate changes in UA in the clinical setting and pathophysiological events related to oxidative stress, and provide evidence of impaired plasma antioxidant capacity in severe sepsis.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1207-1210
Numero di pagine4
RivistaClinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine
Volume45
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2007

Keywords

  • Cholestasis
  • Hypoalbuminemia
  • Hypocholesterolemia
  • Hypouricemia
  • Parenteral amino acids
  • Plasma antioxidant capacity
  • Renal dysfunction
  • Sepsis
  • Surgical trauma

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