Behavioral and psychological effects of coronavirus disease-19 quarantine in patients with dementia

Camillo Marra, Annachiara Cagnin, Raffaele Di Lorenzo, Laura Bonanni, Chiara Cupidi, Valentina Laganà, Elisa Rubino, Alessandro Vacca, Paolo Provero, Valeria Isella, Nicola Vanacore, Federica Agosta, Ildebrando Appollonio, Paolo Caffarra, Ilaria Pettenuzzo, Renato Sambati, Davide Quaranta, Valeria Guglielmi, Giancarlo Logroscino, Massimo FilippiGioacchino Tedeschi, Carlo Ferrarese, Innocenzo Rainero, Amalia C. Bruni, Erica Gallo, Alberto Grassini, Andrea Marcinnò, Fausto Roveta, Paola De Martino, Francesca Frangipane, Gianfranco Puccio, Rosanna Colao, Maria Mirabelli, Stefano Mozzetta, Cinzia Bussè, Giulia Camporese, Simona Sacco, Maria Carmela Lechiara, Claudia Carrarini, Mirella Russo, Alfonsina Casalena, Patrizia Sucapane, Pietro Tiraboschi, Paola Caroppo, Veronica Redaelli, Giuseppe Di Fede, Daniela Coppa, Lenino Peluso, Pasqualina Insarda, Matteo De Bartolo, Sabrina Esposito, Alessandro Iavarone, Anna Vittoria Marta Orsini, Elena Salvatore, Chiara Criscuolo, Luisa Sambati, Rossella Santoro, Daniela Gragnaniello, Ilaria Pedriali, Livia Ludovico, Annalisa Chiari, Andrea Fabbo, Petra Bevilacqua, Chiara Galli, Silvia Magarelli, Marta Perini, Gianfranco Spalletta, Nerisa Banaj, Desireé Estela Porcari, Giulia Caruso, Desireé Estela Porcari, Virginia Cipollini, Anna Rosa Casini, Francesca Ursini, Giuseppe Bruno, Renzo Rozzini, Michela Brambilla, Giuseppe Magnani, Francesca Caso, Edoardo G. Spinelli, Matteo Cotta Ramusino, Giulia Perini, Simona Luzzi, Gabriella Cacchiò, Rossano Angeloni, Cinzia Giuli, Katia Fabi, Marco Guidi, Cristina Paci, Annaelisa Castellano, Elena Carapelle, Rossella Petrucci, Miriam Accogli, Gianluigi Calabrese, Giovanna Nicoletta Trevisi, Brigida Coluccia, Antonella Vasquez Giuliano, Marcella Caggiula, Fulvio Da Re, Antonio Milia, Giuseppina Pilia, Maria Giuseppina Mascia, Valeria Putzu, Tommaso Piccoli, Luca Cuffaro, Roberto Monastero, Antonella Battaglia, Valeria Blandino, Federica Lupo, Eduardo Cumbo, Luca Antonina, Giuseppe Caravaglios, Annalisa Vezzosi, Valentina Bessi, Gloria Tognoni, Valeria Calsolaro, Enrico Mossello, Serena Amici, Alberto Trequattrini, Salvatore Pezzuto, Patrizia Mecocci, Giulia Fichera, Samantha Pradelli, Marino Formilan, Alessandra Coin, Laura Detogni, Francesca Sala, Giulia Sandri, Maurizio Gallucci, Anna Paola Mazzarolo, Cristina Bergamelli

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

27 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared a global pandemic due to the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 and several governments planned a national quarantine in order to control the virus spread. Acute psychological effects of quarantine in frail elderly subjects with special needs, such as patients with dementia, have been poorly investigated. The aim of this study was to assess modifications of neuropsychiatric symptoms during quarantine in patients with dementia and their caregivers. Methods: This is a sub-study of a multicenter nation-wide survey. A structured telephone interview was delivered to family caregivers of patients with diagnosis of Alzheimer disease (AD), dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), frontotemporal dementia (FTD), and vascular dementia (VD), followed regularly at 87 Italian memory clinics. Variations in behavioral and psychological symptoms (BPSD) were collected after 1 month since quarantine declaration and associations with disease type, severity, gender, and caregiver’s stress burden were analyzed. Results: A total of 4,913 caregivers participated in the survey. Increased BPSD was reported in 59.6% of patients as worsening of preexisting symptoms (51.9%) or as new onset (26%), and requested drug modifications in 27.6% of these cases. Irritability, apathy, agitation, and anxiety were the most frequently reported worsening symptoms and sleep disorder and irritability the most frequent new symptoms. Profile of BPSD varied according to dementia type, disease severity, and patients’ gender. Anxiety and depression were associated with a diagnosis of AD (OR 1.35, CI: 1.12–1.62), mild to moderate disease severity and female gender. DLB was significantly associated with a higher risk of worsening hallucinations (OR 5.29, CI 3.66–7.64) and sleep disorder (OR 1.69, CI 1.25–2.29), FTD with wandering (OR 1.62, CI 1.12–2.35), and change of appetite (OR 1.52, CI 1.03–2.25). Stress-related symptoms were experienced by two-thirds of caregivers and were associated with increased patients’ neuropsychiatric burden (p<0.0001). Conclusion: Quarantine induces a rapid increase of BPSD in approximately 60% of patients and stress-related symptoms in two-thirds of caregivers. Health services need to plan a post-pandemic strategy in order to address these emerging needs.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1-15
Numero di pagine15
RivistaFrontiers in Psychiatry
Volume11
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2020

Keywords

  • Behavioral and psychological symptoms
  • Behavioral symptoms
  • Caregiver
  • Coronavirus disease
  • Dementia
  • Gender
  • Psychological symptoms
  • Quarantine

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