Bayesian learning of multiple directed networks from observational data

Federico Castelletti, Luca La Rocca, Stefano Peluso, Francesco C. Stingo, Guido Consonni

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

1 Citazioni (Scopus)


Graphical modeling represents an established methodology for identifying complex dependencies in biological networks, as exemplified in the study of co-expression, gene regulatory, and protein interaction networks. The available observations often exhibit an intrinsic heterogeneity, which impacts on the network structure through the modification of specific pathways for distinct groups, such as disease subtypes. We propose to infer the resulting multiple graphs jointly in order to benefit from potential similarities across groups; on the other hand our modeling framework is able to accommodate group idiosyncrasies. We consider directed acyclic graphs (DAGs) as network structures, and develop a Bayesian method for structural learning of multiple DAGs. We explicitly account for Markov equivalence of DAGs, and propose a suitable prior on the collection of graph spaces that induces selective borrowing strength across groups. The resulting inference allows in particular to compute the posterior probability of edge inclusion, a useful summary for representing flow directions within the network. Finally, we detail a simulation study addressing the comparative performance of our method, and present an analysis of two protein networks together with a substantive interpretation of our findings.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)4745-4766
Numero di pagine22
RivistaStatistics in Medicine
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2020


  • Markov equivalence
  • Markov random field
  • essential graph
  • objective Bayes
  • protein network


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