Baseline simple and complex reaction times in female compared to male boxers

Massimiliano Bianco, M Ferri, C Fabiano, F Giorgiano, S Tavella, U Manili, Marcello Faina, Vincenzo Palmieri, Paolo Zeppilli

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

4 Citazioni (Scopus)


Aim. The aim of the study was to compare baseline cognitive performance of female in respect to male amateur boxers. Methods. Study population included 28 female amateur boxers. Fifty-six male boxers, matched for age, employment and competitive level to female athletes, formed the control group. All boxers had no history of head concussions (except boxing). Each boxer was requested to: 1) fulfill a questionnaire collecting demographic data, level of education, occupational status, boxing record and number of head concussions during boxing; 2) undergo a baseline computerized neuropsychological (NP) test (Cog Sport) measuring simple and complex reaction times (RT). Results. Female were lighter than male boxers (56+/-7 vs. 73.1+/-9.8 kg, P<0.0001). No significant differences at Cog-Sport scores were observed between groups. Male boxers showed a longer simple-RT at the end of the NP battery than at the beginning (0.247+/-0.007 vs. 0.243+/-0.007 s, P=0.02), however, with a significant lower rate of mistakes (0.7+/-1.6 vs. 2.0+/-3.1%, P=0.005), observed also in the female group (0.5+/-1.1 vs. 2.2+/-3.0%, P=0.005). No boxing activity parameter (record, number of knock-outs, etc.) correlated with NP scores. Conclusion. Female and male Olympic-style boxers have no (or minimal) differences in baseline cognitive performance. Further research with larger series of female boxers is required to confirm these findings.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)292-298
Numero di pagine7
RivistaJournal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2011


  • Brain injuries
  • Neurological impairment


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