Dendritic cells (DC), the most potent APC, are central to antimicrobial immunity. Because of evolutionary pressure, it is reasonable that pathogens have evolved strategies to also subvert this host-defense mechanism. In the present study, we describe a novel way of bacterial interference with DC maturation. The bacterial metabolite n-butyrate, which occurs physiologically in high concentrations in the gastrointestinal tract and has well-known anti-inflammatory effects, is able to prevent LPS-induced maturation of DC resulting in a reduced capability to stimulate T cells. In particular, n-butyrate prevents homotypic DC clustering, inhibits IL-12 while sparing IL-10 production, and at the molecular level, blocks NF-kappa B translocation. These results demonstrate efficient targeting of DC function by a bacterial metabolite, which might explain the particular type of immune responsiveness in the presence of this bacterial agent as exemplified in the gastrointestinal tract.
|Numero di pagine||9|
|Rivista||Journal of Leukocyte Biology|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Pubblicato - 2002|
- Cell Differentiation
- Dendritic Cells