Axitinib or bevacizumab plus FOLFIRI or modified FOLFOX-6 after failure of first-line therapy for metastatic colorectal cancer: a randomized phase II study

Carlo Antonio Barone, Johanna C. Bendell, Christophe Tournigand, Anna Swieboda-Sadlej, Zev A. Wainberg, Jong Gwang Kim, Carles Pericay, Davide Pastorelli, Jamal Tarazi, Brad Rosbrook, Joanna Bloom, Alejandro D. Ricart, Sinil Kim, Alberto F. Sobrero

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23 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

This randomized phase II study evaluated axitinib or bevacizumab combined with chemotherapy in previously treated patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. Survival was comparable with axitinib or bevacizumab when combined with second-line chemotherapy. Higher toxicity and treatment discontinuations due to adverse events in axitinib arms suggest continuous dosing of axitinib plus chemotherapy may be less well tolerated than bevacizumab plus chemotherapy. Objective: Axitinib, a potent and selective second-generation inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptors 1, 2, and 3, shows activity in multiple tumor types, including those refractory to previous antiangiogenic therapy. This randomized, multicenter, parallel-group, open-label phase II trial compared axitinib with bevacizumab each in combination with 5-fluorouracil/leucovorin/oxaliplatin (FOLFOX) or 5-fluorouracil/leucovorin/irinotecan (FOLFIRI) for second-line treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer. Methods: Patients were randomized 1:1 to axitinib 5 mg twice daily or bevacizumab 5 mg/kg every 2 weeks plus modified FOLFOX-6 (if previously treated with irinotecan) or FOLFIRI (if previously treated with oxaliplatin) and were stratified by performance status and prior bevacizumab therapy. Primary endpoint was progressionfree survival. Results: In 171 patients, progression-free survival was 7.6 months with axitinib/FOLFOX vs. 6.4 months with bevacizumab/FOLFOX (hazard ratio [HR], 1.04; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.55-1.96; 1-sided P ¼ .55) and 5.7 months with axitinib/FOLFIRI vs. 6.9 months with bevacizumab/FOLFIRI (HR, 1.27; 95% CI, 0.77-2.11; 1-sided P ¼ .83). Overall survival was 17.1 vs. 14.1 months with axitinib/FOLFOX and bevacizumab/FOLFOX (HR, 0.69; 95% CI, 0.37-1.27; 1-sided P ¼ .12) and 12.9 vs. 15.7 months with axitinib/FOLFIRI and bevacizumab/FOLFIRI (HR, 1.36; 95% CI, 0.82-2.24; 1-sided P ¼ .88). More grade 3 adverse events (eg, diarrhea, fatigue, decreased appetite) and treatment discontinuations due to adverse events occurred with axitinib. Conclusions: Compared with bevacizumab, axitinib did not improve outcomes when added to second-line chemotherapy for metastatic colorectal cancer. With current dosing regimens, axitinib plus FOLFOX or FOLFIRI seems to be less well tolerated than bevacizumab-based regimens.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)239-247
Numero di pagine9
RivistaClinical Colorectal Cancer
Volume12
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2013

Keywords

  • Axitinib
  • Chemotherapy
  • Irinotecan
  • Oxaliplatin

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