Axillary lymphadenectomy represents one of the historical hallmarks in the surgical strategy for breast cancer treatment. In recent years the role of axillary dissection is becoming matter for a renewed debate: up to date better therapeutic results together with new biologic acquisitions and progresses in early diagnosis have been influencing current indications and extension of axillary lymphadenectomy; also, cosmetic and financial considerations play a relevant role. This is the background of a large number of studies investigating the possibility of a more limited applications of axillary dissection provided that oncologic results remain unchanged. In this context sentinel node biopsy is one of the most promising lines of research. It can be stated that, as far as early stages are concerned, a trend towards more conservative resection techniques that started with the first quadrantectomies two decades ago, is now involving axillary dissection too. Possibly, in the next future, an elective axillary lymphadenectomy will not be performed any more if the presence of positive nodes will not be preliminarily ascertained. Nevertheless such conservative strategy can not be recommended to date, until the technique of sentinel node biopsy will be optimized and its results confirmed by randomized trials.
|Titolo tradotto del contributo||[Autom. eng. transl.] Axillary lymphadenectomy|
|Numero di pagine||5|
|Rivista||ANNALI ITALIANI DI CHIRURGIA|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Pubblicato - 1999|