Families with 3 different syndromes characterized by autosomal dominant inheritance of low platelet count and giant platelets were studied. Fechtner syndrome is an autosomal-dominant variant of Alport syndrome manifested by nephritis, sensorineural hearing loss, and cataract formation in addition to macrothrombocytopenia and polymorphonuclear inclusion bodies. Sebastian platelet syndrome is an autosomal-dominant macrothrombocytopenia combined with neutrophil inclusions that differ from those found in May-Hegglin syndrome or Chediak-Higashi syndrome or the Dohle bodies described in patients with sepsis. These inclusions are, however, similar to those described in Fechtner syndrome. Other features of Alport syndrome, though, including deafness, cataracts, and nephritis, are absent in Sebastian platelet syndrome. Epstein syndrome is characterized by macrothrombocytopenia without neutrophil inclusions, in addition to the classical Alport manifestations-deafness, cataracts, and nephritis-and it is also inherited in an autosomal-dominant mode. We mapped the disease-causing gene to the long arm of chromosome 22 in an Italian family with Fechtner syndrome, 2 German families with the Sebastian platelet syndrome, and an American family with the Epstein syndrome. Four markers on chromosome 22q yielded an LOD score greater than 2.76. A maximal 2-point LOD score of 3.41 was obtained with the marker D22S683 at a recombination fraction of 0.00. Recombination analysis placed the disease-causing gene in a 3.37-Mb interval between the markers D22S284 and D22S693. The disease-causing gene interval in these 3 syndromes is similar to the interval described recently in an Israeli family with a slightly different Fechtner syndrome than the one described here. Recombination analysis of these 3 syndromes refines the interval containing the disease-causing gene from 5.5 Mb to 3.37 Mb. The clinical likeness and the similar interval containing the disease-causing gene suggest that the 3 different syndromes may arise from a similar genetic defect.
|Numero di pagine||5|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Pubblicato - 2000|