A combination of two environment-friend processes for hemicelluloses and lignin recovery from red grape stalks were investigated: an autohydrolysis pretreatment at 180 C for 30 min followed by a non-catalysed ethanol organosolv step at 180 C for 90 min. Hemicelluloses were precipitated by ethanol addition to autohydrolysis liquor, while lignin was tentatively precipitated by acidification of liquors from both the processes. Results suggest that stalks hemicelluloses can be easily hydrolysed requiring a milder treatment to reduce sugar degradation, while the organosolv process did not give a consistent delignification. Autohydrolysis allowed a recovery of 2% (on stalks d.m.) of total phenols in the liquor. Organosolv liquor had a higher concentration of phenols (corresponding to 0.72% of stalks d.m.) which almost completely precipitated with lignin.
- grape stalks