Atypical presentation of acute pancreatitis: a single center case-match analysis of clinical outcomes

Marcello Covino, Giuseppe Quero*, Veronica Ojetti, C. Cina, F. Galiandro, Fabio Longo, E. Torelli, Claudio Fiorillo, Roberta Menghi, B. Simeoni, Francesco Franceschi, Sergio Alfieri

*Autore corrispondente per questo lavoro

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review


Objective: Acute pancreatitis (AP) may present an aspecific clinical picture without abdominal symptoms (atypical AP). We compared clinical outcomes between typical and atypical AP. Patients and methods: Thirty out of 1163 patients (2.6%) presented an atypical AP. Demographic, clinical data, laboratory and radiological findings, management type, length of hospital stay (LOS) and mortality rate were retrospectively reviewed. A case match analysis 2:1 was performed. The final groups comprised 50 typical APs (TAP group) and 25 atypical APs (AAP group). Results: The AAP patients presented fever (36%), syncope (32%) and dyspnea (16%) as the most frequent symptoms. Laboratory values showed similarity between the two groups. We noted a comparable edematous AP rate in both groups (p=0.36). Ten (20%) TAP and 3 (12%) AAP patients needed ERCP, respectively (p=0.38). Cholecystectomy was similarly performed in both cohorts (p=0.81). One TAP patient underwent a percutaneous drainage and subsequent surgical necrosectomy compared to none in the AAP cohort (p=0.47). LOS and mortality rate were comparable (p=0.76 and 0.3, respectively). Conclusions: Similar outcomes have been reached in the two groups. Routine evaluation of the serum amylase values fundamentally contributed to early diagnosis and appropriate treatment.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)813-820
Numero di pagine8
RivistaEuropean Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2020


  • pancreatitis, elderly


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