Associations between conflictual relationships, psychopathology, and the use of psychotropic drugs among older people living in residential facilities

Giovanni De Girolamo, Paolo Scocco, Elena Toffol, Alberto Frasson, Giulia Cavrini, Paola Argentino, Caterina Azzarito, Stefano Federici, Paolo F. Putzu

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Psychiatric symptoms and conflictual relationships (CR) may negatively affect the delivery of care in residential facilities (RF). This study aims to analyze neuropsychiatric symptoms, their correlations with CR among older people living in RF, and their associations with the prescription of psychotropic drugs. METHODS: A total of 1215 RF residents in five Italian regions were selected for this cross-sectional study. Psychiatric symptoms and CR were assessed with the Neuropsychiatric Inventory and the Resident Assessment Instrument, respectively. Associations between Neuropsychiatric Inventory items, CR, and the use of psychotropic drugs were tested via multiple logistic regressions. RESULTS: About half (52.7%) of the RF residents experienced one or more clinically relevant neuropsychiatric symptoms. At least one category of CR was reported for 223 residents (19%). Although reciprocal associations were found between different categories of CR, only conflictuality with other residents was associated with the use of antipsychotics (odds ratio (OR) = 2.12). Significant associations were found with irritability (with staff: OR = 2.35; with relatives: OR = 3.09), aberrant motor behaviour (with staff: OR = 2.02), and elation (with relatives: OR = 10.55). CONCLUSIONS: Neuropsychiatric symptoms and CR are common among RF residents and are reciprocally associated. Further research with longitudinal design is needed to better understand this relationship. KEYWORDS: aged; conflictual relationships; psychopathological symptoms; psychotropic drugs; residential facilities
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)n/a-n/a
RivistaPsychogeriatrics
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2016

Keywords

  • aged
  • conflictual relationships
  • psychopathological symptoms
  • psychotropic drugs
  • residential facilities

Fingerprint

Entra nei temi di ricerca di 'Associations between conflictual relationships, psychopathology, and the use of psychotropic drugs among older people living in residential facilities'. Insieme formano una fingerprint unica.

Cita questo