Are implantable cardiac monitors reliable tools for cardiac arrhythmias detection? An intra-patient comparison with permanent pacemakers

Gemma Pelargonio, Gaetano Antonio Lanza, Filippo Crea, Antonio Bisignani, Silvana De Bonis, Luigi Mancuso, Gianluca Ceravolo, Daniele Giacopelli, Giovanni Bisignani

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

2 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Implantable cardiac monitor (ICM) is an established tool for the management of unexplained syncope and atrial fibrillation (AF) even if its accuracy of arrhythmia detection may be suboptimal. The aim of this study was to perform an intra-patient comparison of the diagnostic capability of ICM with a dual-chamber PM as a gold standard. Methods: We included 19 patients with a previously implanted ICM (BioMonitor 2 Biotronik, Berlin, Germany), who received a dual-chamber PM for standard indications. ICM-detected arrhythmic events in a 6-month follow-up were compared with those detected by the PM and classified by visual inspection of intracardiac electrograms. Results: During follow up, ICMs generated 15 false asystole and 39 false bradycardia detections in 5 patients (26.3%) due to recurrent premature ventricular contractions. A total of 34 true high ventricular rate (HVR) episodes were detected by the PM. Of them, 30 (88%) events were also recorded by the ICM, which further detected 14 false HVR snapshots, leading to a sensitivity and positive predictive value of 88% and 68%, respectively. In addition, PM identified 234 true AF episodes. Of them, 225 (96%) events were also detected by the ICM, while 8 (42%) ICMs stored 50 AF episodes classified as false positives. The ICM sensitivity for AF was 96% with a positive predictive value of 82%. Conclusion: Our intra-patient comparison with permanent PM confirmed that ICM is an effective tool for cardiac arrhythmias detection. ICM algorithms for AF and HVR detection were highly sensitive with an acceptable rate of false positive episodes.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)147-150
Numero di pagine4
RivistaJournal of Electrocardiology
Volume59
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2020

Keywords

  • Atrial fibrillation
  • High ventricular rate
  • Implantable cardiac monitor
  • Implantable loop recorder
  • Pacemaker

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