Apremilast for the treatment of psoriasis

Maria Sole Chimenti, Talia Gramiccia, Rosita Saraceno, Luca Bianchi, Virginia Garofalo, Oreste Buonomo, Roberto Perricone, Sergio Chimenti, Andrea Chiricozzi*

*Autore corrispondente per questo lavoro

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista


Introduction: Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized by dysregulation of the immune system and release of pro-inflammatory mediators. Drugs available for psoriasis show some limits as tolerability and route of administration. Apremilast, Otezla®, is an oral small molecule recently approved for the treatment of patients with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis. Compared to biologics that target a single cytokine, apremilast, degrading phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4), interferes with cyclic anti-microbial peptides, which is involved in the transduction of intracellular signals, controlling the balance of pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory signals.Areas covered: This review reported the latest data available from Phase I, II and III trials on apremilast for the treatment of plaque psoriasis. A focus on the clinical management of apremilast, safety and clinical efficacy based on two pivotal clinical trials (ESTEEM 1 and ESTEEM 2) currently ongoing was described. A systematic search was conducted using the PubMed Medline database for primary articles.Expert opinion: Apremilast treatment was demonstrated effective and well tolerated in Phase II and III clinical trials. Several drug peculiarities, such as the low frequency of adverse events and the oral route of administration, make apremilast an innovative treatment for moderate-to-severe psoriasis.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)2083-2094
Numero di pagine12
RivistaExpert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2015


  • Otezla®
  • apremilast
  • biological therapy
  • phosphodiesterase 4
  • psoriasis
  • small molecule


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