Thyroid carcinoma is the first cancer found in general population and the second diagnosed during pregnancy following the breast one. Diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to thyroid malignancy in pregnant women pose several and serious issues to the physicians. Even if there is no consensus about the surgical treatment of thyroid carcinomas during pregnancy, a large number of women undergo surgery over the world. The best surgical and anesthesiological treatment should be chosen after reaching a consensus between surgeons, anesthesiologists, obstetrics, and the patients. From 2000 to 2016, 18 pregnant patients underwent thyroidectomy under local anesthesia (cervical plexus block) combined with conscious sedation using benzodiazepines and opiates with ultrashort duration of action. Our 15-year experience on the thyroidectomies performed using the cervical plexus block combined with conscious sedation confirms that this combined technique offers a safe chance to defeat cancer also during pregnancy. Application of hypnosis could be an interesting alternative approach to pharmacological sedation in patients who would avoid intravenous drugs.
- Differentiated thyroid cancers (DTC)
- Local anesthesia