Antithrombotic therapy and revascularisation strategies in people with diabetes and coronary artery disease

Bianca Rocca, Andrea Rubboli, Francesco Zaccardi

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

1 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Diabetes mellitus, largely type 2, affects nearly 10% of the global adult population according to the World Health Organization. Diabetes is an independent risk factor for atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases, including coronary artery disease. Diabetes patients experience a two to three-fold increased incidence of coronary artery disease, despite improved metabolic control and management of other cardiovascular risk factors. Discussion: Platelet abnormalities and activation as well as reduced antiplatelet drug responsiveness characterise diabetes mellitus. Mechanisms linking diabetes to platelet and vascular abnormalities, atherogenesis and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease are still only partially known, highlighting the unique complexity of the pro-atherogenic clinical scenario and its treatment. Consistently, a higher residual cardiovascular risk characterises patients with diabetes compared with those without, in spite of improved antiplatelet and antithrombotic treatment combinations. Randomised clinical trials aimed at optimising antiplatelet treatment specifically in patients with diabetes are lacking, both in acute and chronic coronary artery disease settings. Thus, patients with diabetes are treated with regimens validated in studies including only variable proportions of diabetes patients. Myocardial revascularisation appears to confer a comparable relative benefit between diabetes patients and patients without diabetes, and generally coronary artery bypass grafting has a better outcome in diabetes mellitus versus peripheral coronary intervention. New glucose-lowering drugs have been shown to reduce the incidence of major cardiovascular events in secondary prevention. Type 1 diabetes mellitus remains less explored than type 2 in this context. Conclusion: Diabetes-tailored antithrombotic strategies in acute and chronic coronary artery disease remain an unmet clinical need, requiring ad-hoc trials and precision pharmacological strategies.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)92-105
Numero di pagine14
RivistaEuropean Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Volume26
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2019

Keywords

  • Antiplatelet drugs
  • coronary artery disease
  • diabetes mellitus
  • glucose-lowering drugs
  • inflammation
  • platelets
  • revascularisation
  • secondary prevention

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