OBJECTIVE: To evaluate anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) concentrations and antral follicle counts (AFCs) in the prediction of pregnancy outcomes after controlled ovarian stimulation among women undergoing intrauterine insemination. METHODS: A retrospective study included women with unexplained infertility aged 41years or younger who attended a fertility clinic in Italy between December 2009 and May 2014. Ovarian stimulation was achieved with recombinant follicle-stimulating hormone or highly purified human menopausal gonadotropin. Receiver operating characteristic curves were generated to predict ongoing pregnancy. The primary outcome was the association between AMH/AFC and ongoing pregnancy, and was assessed by logistic regression. RESULTS: Overall, 276 women were included, of whom 43 (15.6%) achieved ongoing pregnancy. Multivariate analysis showed that women with a serum day-3 concentration of AMH higher than 2.3ng/mL were more likely to have ongoing pregnancy than were those with a concentration lower than 2.3ng/mL (odds ratio 5.84, 95% confidence interval 2.38-14.31; P<0.001). No associations were recorded for AFCs. CONCLUSION: AMH should be used to predict the pregnancy outcome of intrauterine insemination. Copyright © 2015 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Numero di pagine||5|
|Rivista||INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GYNECOLOGY & OBSTETRICS|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Pubblicato - 2016|
- Anti-Müllerian hormone