Anomalous gas sensing behaviors to reducing agents of hydrothermally grown Α-Fe2O3 nanorods

M. Donarelli, R. Milan, F. Rigoni, Giovanni Drera, Luigi Ermenegildo Sangaletti, A. Ponzoni, C. Baratto, G. Sberveglieri, E. Comini

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10 Citazioni (Scopus)


α-Fe2O3 nanorods have been grown by hydrothermal method, dispersed in ethanol and drop casted on a pre-patterned alumina substrate with Pt electrodes. Their morphology, crystalline and electronic properties have been investigated by Scanning Electron Microscopy, Raman and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopies and X-ray Diffraction. The so-fabricated devices have been used for hydrogen gas sensing, showing their ability to detect H2 at operating temperatures > 200 °C, at relative humidity values comprised from 0% to 50%. The sensing behavior of α-Fe2O3 nanorods is compatible with an n to p conductivity transition when the operating temperature is increased up to 300 °C. Outstanding p-type hydrogen sensing performances of α-Fe2O3 have been observed and reported. Besides H2 detection, the α-Fe2O3 nanorods-based device is a good humidity sensor, at room temperature (n-type) and at 400 °C (p-type). CO and ethanol sensing performances have been investigated at different operating temperatures and relative humidity values. CO and ethanol anomalous acceptor-like behaviors at 200 °C in humid air has been explained by the interactions of these target gases with the water molecules adsorbed on the metal oxide surfaces. An explanation of the n–p behavior transition at T > 200 °C in terms of band bending is reported.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1237-1245
Numero di pagine9
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2018


  • 2506
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Hematite
  • Hydrogen sensing
  • Hydrothermal
  • Instrumentation
  • Materials Chemistry2506 Metals and Alloys
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • n-p transition


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