[Androgen-deprivation therapy in prostate cancer: clinical evidence and future perspectives]

Emilio Sacco, Marco Racioppi, Francesco Pinto, Angelo Totaro, Alessandro D'Addessi, A. Calarco, A. Totaro, A. Volpe, A. D'Addessi

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

1 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Androgens are involved in the development and progression of prostate cancer even if the mechanism is not well-recognized. For this reason androgen-deprivation therapy remains a milestone for the treatment of patients with advanced and metastatic disease and, in the last years, in conjunction with radiotherapy and surgery in locally advanced tumors. Alternative options, such as intermittent deprivation suppression, seem to be promising in terms of clinical benefits and toxicity profile. However, current therapies present side effects, such as testosterone surge with consequent clinical flare-up, metabolic syndrome and hormone-resistance, which develops after a variable number of years. Novel therapies such as LH-RH antagonists and prolonged depot LH-RH analogues have been developed in order to avoid clinical flare-up and testosterone microsurges. Novel androgen synthesis inhibitors, such as abiraterone acetate and MDV3100, have been recently discovered and tested as promising hormonal second-line agents in patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer. Finally, long-term side effects from androgen deprivation, such as osteoporosis, sarcopenic obesity and cardiovascular morbidity should be carefully monitored and properly treated.
Titolo tradotto del contributo[Autom. eng. transl.] [Androgen-deprivation therapy in prostate cancer: clinical evidence and future perspectives]
Lingua originaleItalian
pagine (da-a)71-83
Numero di pagine13
RivistaUrologia
Volume77
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2010

Keywords

  • prostate cancer

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