An Emerging Role of Endometrial Inflammosome in Reproduction: New Therapeutic Approaches

Alfredo Pontecorvi, Giovanni Scambia, Nicoletta Di Simone

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

6 Citazioni (Scopus)


One of the common complications of pregnancy is spontaneous pregnancy loss which occurs in an estimated 5- 15% of pregnancies. Of all women 1%–5% suffer from recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). Despite the fact that RPL has been associated to various anatomic, hormonal, immune, hematologic, and genetic defects, in 30% of the patients, screening tests included in the RPL workup may have negative results. Recently, we demonstrated a significant increased activation of endometrial NALP-3 inflammasome, and a caspase-1 dependent secretion of IL-18 and IL-1β in the endometrial tissues obtained from RPL women compared with a fertile women group. The inflammasome has emerged as a key player in innate immunity and inflammation. An abnormal inflammasome activation, in absence of detectable infectious causes, might be one of the molecular mechanisms involved in establishing an unreceptive endometrium, potentially leading to early fetal loss. Upon activation, this multiprotein complex makes possible the caspase-1-mediated proteolytic processing of proinflammatory cytokines generating their respective mature secretory forms. Conclusion: The understanding of molecular modulation of inflammasome associated pathways is
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)455-462
Numero di pagine8
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2018


  • endometrium
  • miscarriage


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