Background: To investigate the role of Kodama PenA subtype in influencing survival in patients with early gastric cancer (EGC).Methods: All patients surgically treated for EGC at 7 Italian centers (Forli, Varese, Siena, Verona, Milan, Rome and Perugia) belonging to the Italian Research Group for Gastric Cancer (GIRCG) from January 1982 and December 2009 were included.Results: PenA patients were 230 (21.5%) while other types were 839 (78.5%). Nodal metastases were more common in PenA (30.7%) than non-PenA (10.4%) EGCs. Among preoperative variables, only age (OR 1.02; 95% CI 1.00-1.03, p = 0.009) and macrotype Ill (OR 1.95; 95% CI 1.39-2.75, p = 0.0001) were significantly associated with Pen A type. Survival analysis performed on NO patients demonstrated that only size >2 cm (HR 1.85; 95% Cl 1.12-3.05, p = 0.017) and age (HR 1.06; 95% CI 1.03-1.08, p < 0.0001) were independent poor prognostic factor. Among N+ patients age (HR 1.04; 95% CI 1.00-1.07, p = 0.048), number of positive lymph nodes (HR 1.13; 95% CI 1.05-1.20, p = 0.0002) and PenA (HR 4.23; 95% CI 1.70 -10.55, p = 0.002) were significantly correlated with poor prognosis at multivariate analysis.Conclusions: Kodama PenA subtype was the most powerful independent prognostic factor in patients with nodal metastases. Its status should always be investigated in EGCs patients. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd, BASO similar to The Association for Cancer Surgery, and the European Society of Surgical Oncology. All rights reserved.
|Numero di pagine||5|
|Rivista||European Journal of Surgical Oncology|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Pubblicato - 2018|
- Early gastric cancer
- Lymph node metastases
- Prognostic factors