Altered resting state functional connectivity of anterior cingulate cortex in drug naïve adolescents at the earliest stages of anorexia nervosa

Giuseppe Riva, Santino Gaudio, Claudia Piervincenzi, Bruno Beomonte Zobel, Francesca Romana Montecchi, Filippo Carducci, Carlo Cosimo Quattrocchi

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

28 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Previous Resting-State Functional Connectivity (RSFC) studies have shown several functional alterations in adults with or recovered from long Anorexia Nervosa (AN). The aim of this paper was to investigate whole brain RSFC in adolescents with AN in the earliest stages, less than 6 months, of the disorder. Sixteen drug-naïve outpatient female adolescents with AN-restrictive type (AN-r) (mean age: 15,8; SD 1,7) were compared to 16 age-matched healthy female (mean age: 16,3; SD 1,4). Relevant resting state networks (RSNs) were identified using independent component analysis (ICA) from functional magnetic resonance imaging data; a dual regression technique was used to detect between-group differences in the RSNs. Between-group differences of the functional connectivity maps were found in the executive control network (ECN). Particularly, decreased temporal correlation was observed in AN-r patients relative to healthy controls between the ECN functional connectivity maps and the anterior cingulate cortex (p < 0.05 corrected). Our results in AN adolescents may represent an early trait-related biomarker of the disease. Considering that the above mentioned network and its area are mainly involved in cognitive control and emotional processing, our findings could explain the impaired cognitive flexibility in relation to body image and appetite in AN patients.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)10818-N/A
RivistaScientific Reports
Volume5
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2015

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Anorexia Nervosa
  • Brain Mapping
  • Female
  • Gyrus Cinguli
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Risk Factors

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