Alterations of energy metabolism and metabolism and glutathione levels af HL-60 cells induced by methacrylates present in composite resins

Giuseppina Nocca, Cinzia Anna Maria Calla', Francesco De Palma, Angelo Minucci, Pasquale De Sole, Giuseppe Ettore Martorana, Carla Morlacchi, Maria Luisa Gozzo, Bruno Giardina, Alessandro Lupi, Gianluca Gambarini, Claudio Chimenti

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

Methacrylic compounds such as 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA), triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) and bisphenol A glycerolate (1 glycerol/phenol) dimethacrylate (Bis-GMA) are largely present in auto- or photopolymerizable composite resins. Since the polymerization reaction is never complete, these molecules are released into the oral cavity tissues and biological fluids where they could cause local adverse effects. The aim of this work was to verify the hypothesis that the biological effects of HEMA, TEGDMA and Bis-GMA - at a non-cytotoxic concentration - depend on the interaction with mitochondria and exert consequent alterations of energy metabolism, GSH levels and the related pathways in human promyelocytic cell line (HL-60). METHODS: The biological effects of methacrylic monomers were determined by analyzing the following parameters: GSH concentration, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH) and glutathione reductase (GR) activity, oxygen and glucose consumption and lactate production along with cell differentiation and proliferation. RESULTS: All monomers induced both cellular differentiation and decrease in oxygen consumption. Cells treated with TEGDMA and Bis-GMA showed a significant enhancement of glucose consumption and lactate production. TEGDMA and HEMA induced GSH depletion stimulating G6PDH and GR activity. CONCLUSIONS: All the monomers under study affect the metabolism of HL-60 cells and show differentiating activity. Since alterations in cellular metabolism occurred at compound concentrations well below cytotoxic levels, the changes in energy metabolism and glutathione redox balance could be considered as potential mechanisms for inducing clinical and sub-clinical adverse effects and thus providing useful parameters when testing biocompatibility of dental materials.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)187-194
Numero di pagine8
RivistaJournal of Dentistry
Volume2007
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2007

Keywords

  • glutathione
  • hl-60

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