Alcune considerazioni intorno all’iconografia dei santi vescovi ambrosiani nel Martirologio trecentesco Berlino-Milano.

Stefano Candiani

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

The Ambrosian Berlin-Milan Psalter, Hymnarium and Martyrologium (Berlin, Kupferstichkabinett – Staatliche Mu- seen, 78 C 16 and Milano, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, P 165 sup., ff. 1r-21v) is a quite unknown and abundantly illuminated 14th century Milan manuscript. It encloses 15 illuminations in the Psalter and in the Hymnarium, along with 123 historiated pages in the Martyrologium. The miniatures are to be considered the work of the illuminator named the Pantheon Master and of his workshop. Among the numerous saints recorded, the Martyrologium displays also 19 former bishops of Milan and for eight of them – Dionigi, Materno, Calimero, Simpliciano, Mona, Magno, Castriziano e Ambrogio – there is also a brief hagiographic text and a miniature. These types of depictions are quite rare, and seemingly not previously documented. The non-common iconographies, indeed, are related mainly to the Martyrologium text and, sometimes, also to other hagiographical texts. The paper describes also the complex iconography of St. Martin, which was not bishop of Milan but had a huge worship in its diocese. From a stylistic point of view, the Berlin-Milan miniatures are close to the illuminations of other two manuscripts: a Godfrey of Viterbo’s Pantheon (Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Lat. 4895), made for Azzone Visconti, and a St. Augustine’s De civitate Dei (Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Lat. 2066) realized for Bruzio Visconti. The latter can be dated before 1336, thanks to the absence of a heraldic detail in Bruzio’s coat of arms, which, instead, is present in other two Bruzio’s manuscripts (Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Lat. 6467 and Città del Vaticano, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Vat. Lat. 2194) decorated by the Master of 1346. As a consequence, the three manuscripts decorated by the Pantheon Master are likely to be dated between 1331 (the year recorded in the Pantheon code) and 1336.
Titolo tradotto del contributo[Autom. eng. transl.] Some considerations around the iconography of the Ambrosian holy bishops in the 14th century Berlin-Milan Martyrology.
Lingua originaleItalian
pagine (da-a)61-77
Numero di pagine17
RivistaRIVISTA DI STORIA DELLA MINIATURA
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2017

Keywords

  • 1331-1336
  • Azzone Visconti
  • Berlin, Kupferstichkabinett – Staatliche Museen, 78 C 16
  • Bruzio Visconti
  • Chantilly, Musée Condé, 599, XX C (1) 6
  • Città del Vaticano, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Vat. Lat. 2194
  • Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale, Banco Rari 397
  • Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale, Landau-Finlay 22
  • Giovanni Visconti
  • Godfrey of Viterbo
  • Gotha, Forschungsbibliothek, Membr. I 98
  • Maestro del Liber Pantheon
  • Maestro del Pantheon
  • Master of the Liber Pantheon
  • Milano, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, A 275 inf.
  • Milano, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, A 28 inf.
  • Milano, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, D 269 inf
  • Milano, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, P 165 sup.
  • Milano, Biblioteca Trivulziana, Triv. 2262
  • Milano, Biblioteca del Capitolo metropolitano, II-D-002-028
  • Milano, Biblioteca del Capitolo metropolitano, II-E-003-008
  • Pantheon Master
  • Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, at. 6467
  • Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, lat. 2066
  • Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, lat. 4895
  • Psalter, Hymnarium and Martyrologium
  • Salterio,Innario e Martirologio Berlino-Milano
  • ambrosian Martyrologium
  • iconografia dei santi vescovo di Milano
  • lombard miniature
  • saint bishops of Milan Iconography

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