[Airports and air quality: a critical synthesis of the literature]

Luca Fontana, Ivo Iavicoli, Carla Ancona, Laura Ancona, Chiara Badaloni, Giulia Cesaroni, Simone Bucci, Martina N. Golini, Francesca Mataloni, Claudio Morciano, Chelo G. Salatino, Eleonora Zirro, Francesco Forastiere, Silvia Barberini, Gianmario Bignardi, Andrea Bolignano, Valerio Briotti, Roberta Caleprico, Sesto Damizia, Tina FabozziRaffaele Piatti, Francesco Troiano, Roberto Sozzi, Anna Maria Caricchia, Riccardo De Lauretis, Francesco Angelini, Francesca Barnaba, Francesca Costabile, Gian Paolo Gobbi, Marco Inglessis, Francesco Tancredi, Claudia Amadasi, Laura Cestari, Roberta Dorio, Barbara Palazzi, Dorelia Zangrando, Lorenzo Simonato, Daniele Sepulcri, Celestina Arcadi, Luisa Bandroco, Graziella Barra, Fulvia Bellone, Paolo Carnà, Pierina Casu, Maria Conchedda, Carmela De Fano, Piera Di Gilio, Antonella Macario, Maria Peritore, Stefania Sapetti, Luisa Signorile, Vilma Tempia, Marina Ottino, Monica Chiusolo, Jacopo Fogola, Ennio Cadum, Donatella Camerino, Dario Consonni, Angela Pesatori, Pier Alberto Bertazzi, Caterina Ferri, Caterina Minniti, Maddalena Nanni, Davide Petri, Maria Angela Vigotti, Gaetano Licitra, Elena Ascari., Maria Chiara Antoniotti, Lorena Balconi, Domenico Bonarrigo, Cristina Degli Stefani, Aniello Esposito, Maria Gambino, Sabina Speziali, Salvatore Pisani, Silvana Angius, Emanuele Galbusera, Paola Maggi, Roberta Pollini

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

4 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

This work reviewed existing literature on airport related activities that could worsen surrounding air quality; its aim is to underline the progress coming from recent-year studies, the knowledge emerging from new approaches, the development of semi-empiric analytical methods as well as the questions still needing to be clarified. To estimate pollution levels, spatial and temporal variability, and the sources relative contributions integrated assessment, using both fixed point measurement and model outputs, are needed. The general picture emerging from the studies was a non-negligible and highly spatially variable (within 2-3 km from the fence line) airport contribution; even if it is often not dominant compared to other concomitant pollution sources. Results were highly airport-specific. Traffic volumes, landscape and meteorology were the key variables that drove the impacts. Results were thus hardly exportable to other contexts. Airport related pollutant sources were found to be characterized by unusual emission patterns (particularly ultrafine particles, black carbon and nitrogen oxides during take-off); high time-resolution measurements allow to depict the rapidly changing take-off effect on air quality that could not be adequately observed otherwise. Few studies used high time resolution data in a successful way as statistical models inputs to estimate the aircraft take-off contribution to the observed average levels. These findings should not be neglected when exposure of people living near airports is to be assessed.
Titolo tradotto del contributo[Autom. eng. transl.] [Airports and air quality: a critical synthesis of the literature]
Lingua originaleItalian
pagine (da-a)254-261
Numero di pagine8
RivistaEpidemiologia e prevenzione
Volume38
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2014

Keywords

  • airport

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