Aging, sex and cognitive Theory of Mind: a transcranial direct current stimulation study

Rosa Manenti, Maria Cotelli, Mauro Adenzato, Elena Gobbi, Ivan Enrici, Danila Rusich

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

7 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Aging is accompanied by changes in cognitive abilities and a great interest is spreading among researchers about aging impact on social cognition skills, such as the Theory of Mind (ToM). Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been used in social cognition studies founding evidence of sex-related different effects on cognitive ToM task in a young people sample. In this randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled study, we applied one active and one sham tDCS session on the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) during a cognitive ToM task, including both social (i.e., communicative) and nonsocial (i.e., private) intention attribution conditions, in sixty healthy aging individuals (30 males and 30 females). In half of the participants the anode was positioned over the mPFC, whereas in the other half the cathode was positioned over the mPFC. The results showed that: (i) anodal tDCS over the mPFC led to significant slower reaction times (vs. sham) for social intention attribution task only in female participants; (ii) No effects were found in both females and males during cathodal stimulation. We show for the first time sex-related differences in cognitive ToM abilities in healthy aging, extending previous findings concerning young participants.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)N/A-N/A
RivistaScientific Reports
Volume9
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2019

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Sex
  • Theory of Mind
  • tDCS

Fingerprint Entra nei temi di ricerca di 'Aging, sex and cognitive Theory of Mind: a transcranial direct current stimulation study'. Insieme formano una fingerprint unica.

Cita questo