Acute decompensation and absence of brain and kidney dysfunction predict long-term efficacy of plasma exchange in hyper-bilirubinemic cirrhotic patients awaiting liver transplantation

Alfonso Wolfango Avolio, Antonio Gasbarrini, Salvatore Agnes, Massimo Siciliano, Giulio Caracciolo, Marco Castagneto, Be Annicchiarico, S Passalacqua

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

Various artificial liver support systems are currently used in patients with decompensated chronic liver disease or acute liver failure as a bridge to recovery or to orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). Between June 2004 and September 2006, 9 subjects were treated with plasma exchange (PE) for acute decompensation on chronic liver disease or chronic decompensation in end-stage liver disease. All of them were awaiting OLT or were listed at the moment of decompensation. Grade II to III hepatic encephalopathy (HE) was present in 4 patients, significant renal dysfunction in 3 patients, and ascites in 6 patients. Baseline serum total bilirubin was 35.1+/-11.2 mg/dL (mean value+/-SD). The patients underwent a mean of 12.1 2-hour exchanges over 1 to 8 weeks. The 3 who recovered were alive after a mean follow-up of 22.7+/-10.3 months. There were 3 patients who underwent transplantation and 3 who died due to liver failure during treatment. Only subjects with acute decompensation and without HE or significant renal dysfunction survived without OLT. PE did not significantly modify the grade of HE or the renal function. PE seemed to be a safe, long-term, effective therapeutic option for acute decompensation among subjects with chronic liver disease without brain or renal dysfunction.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1929-1931
Numero di pagine3
RivistaTransplantation Proceedings
Volume40
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2008

Keywords

  • Acute Disease
  • Bilirubin
  • Brain
  • Female
  • Heart Failure
  • Humans
  • Hyperbilirubinemia
  • Liver Cirrhosis
  • Liver Function Tests
  • Liver Transplantation
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Plasma Exchange
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Waiting Lists

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