A simple assay for platelet-mediated hemostasis in flowing whole blood (PFA-100): reproducibility and effects of sex and age.

Alfonso Sestito, Gaetano Antonio Lanza, Felicita Andreotti, Raffaele Landolfi, A Sciahbasi, A Maseri

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

49 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: A simple assay for platelet-mediated hemostasis in flowing blood (PFA-100) has become available. Whole blood is aspirated through the central opening of a membrane coated with platelet agonists; the time required for a platelet thrombus to occlude the opening is defined as closure time; the shorter the closure time the greater the platelet aggregability. There are limited data on the normal range of values for this test, and the effects of sex and age are not known. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of sex and age on closure time in normal volunteers and to assess the reproducibility of the test in our laboratory. METHODS: Closure time using collagen/adenosine-5'-diphosphate was measured in 62 apparently healthy individuals 35 to 75 years of age (11 men and 17 women < 55 years and 22 men and 12 women > 55 years). RESULTS: Closure time was 96.6 +/- 24 s in men and 93.1 +/- 16 s in women (p = 0.20). In the entire group, closure time did not significantly correlate with age (r = -0.17, p = 0.18). However, men < 55 years tended to have a longer closure time than men > 55 years (109.7 +/- 23 vs 90.0 +/- 22 s, p = 0.08), whereas in women closure time was similar in those younger or older than 55 years (93.1 +/- 16 vs 93.3 +/- 18 s, respectively). In 20 samples tested in duplicate, the mean closure time was 80.9 +/- 10 s on the first determination and 81.5 +/- 12 s on the second (r = 0.89, p < 0.001). There was no significant correlation between closure time and hematocrit, platelet number, mean platelet volume, or leukocyte count. CONCLUSIONS: The platelet function analyzer PFA-100 showed a good reproducibility in apparently healthy subjects. No significant difference in closure time was found between men and women, nor between subjects younger or older than 55 years, although a tendency towards shorter values was found in older compared with younger men.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)661-665
Numero di pagine5
Rivistacardiogia
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 1999

Keywords

  • blood

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