A Possible Pathogenic Linkage Among Headache, Migraine, and Nocturnal Enuresis in Children

Pietro Ferrara, Vincenzo Di Lazzaro, Livia Dell'Aquila, Giacomo Perrone, Giulia Spina, Francesco Miconi, Valentina Rapaccini, Ester Del Vescovo, Alberto Verrotti

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

7 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: This study aims to evaluate the prevalence of headaches and migraine in children with nocturnal enuresis (NE) and to improve knowledge on these conditions. In particular, for this purpose, a possible pathogenic relationship linking both conditions and the impact of headaches and migraine on NE persistence was evaluated. METHODS: Researchers enrolled 123 children with NE, aged between 5 and 15 years, referred to the Service of Pediatrics, Campus Bio-Medico University Hospital of Rome between January 2014 and January 2015. Parents of all children enrolled in the study were invited to complete a self-reported questionnaire. The study protocol was approved by the Human Research Ethics Committee of Campus-Bio-Medico University. The NE group data was compared with the data of a control group (107 children). RESULTS: Of the eligible patients, 7.8% suffer from headaches/migraine (mean age, 9.63 years; interquartile range [IQR], 3.5 years) and 47.1% have a family history of headaches (mean age, 8.46 years; IQR, 3.75 years). Of the 8 patients with headaches, all are male, 3 have tension-type headaches (2 of them have maternal family history) and 5 have migraine (3 of them have maternal family history). Of the 35.3% with a migraine family history (mean age, 8.36 years; IQR, 3.5 years), 22 are male, and 14 are female. Three of these patients have migraine. A total of 92.2% suffer from NE but not from headaches (mean age, 8.43 years; IQR, 3 years). Of these patients, 33 are female (35.1%), and 61 are male (64.9%). In the control group, 4.7% (5 out of 107) of the children suffer from headaches, and of these, 4 are affected by nonmigraine headaches and 1 by migraine. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, according to the hypothesis, NE and headaches/migraine could be linked by several similarities.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)311-315-315
RivistaInternational Neurourology Journal
Volume20
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2016

Keywords

  • Child
  • Enuresis
  • Melatonin

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