A Noninvasive Surfactant Adsorption Test Predicting the Need for Surfactant Therapy in Preterm Infants Treated with Continuous Positive Airway Pressure

Chiara Autilio, Ettore Domenico Capoluongo, Daniele De Luca, Mercedes Echaide, Alexandra Benachi, Anne Marfaing-Koka, Jesús Pérez-Gil

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

23 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective To determine the diagnostic accuracy of the surfactant adsorption test (SAT) as a predictor for the need for surfactant replacement therapy in neonates with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). Study design Amniotic fluid samples were collected from 41 preterm neonates with RDS treated with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and 15 healthy control term neonates. Purified porcine surfactant served as a further control. Lamellar bodies and lung ultrasound score were also measured in a subset of the neonates treated with CPAP. Surfactant was administered according to the European guidelines, and clinical data were collected prospectively. Surfactant activity was measured as adsorption at the air/liquid interface and given in relative fluorescent units (RFU). Results Surfactant activity differed among native porcine surfactant (median, 4863 RFU; IQR, 4405-5081 RFU), healthy term neonates (median, 2680 RFU; IQR, 2069-3050 RFU), and preterm neonates with RDS (median, 442 RFU; IQR, 92-920 RFU; P <.0001). The neonates who failed CPAP had lower surfactant activity compared with those who did not fail CPAP (median, 92 RFU; IQR, 0-315 RFU vs 749 RFU; IQR, 360-974 RFU; P =.0002). Differences between groups were more evident beyond 20-30 minutes of fluorescence; the 30-minute time point showed the highest area under the curve (0.84; P <.001) and the best cutoff level (170 RFU; specificity, 72%; sensitivity, 96%) for the prediction of CPAP failure. Surfactant activity at 30 minutes was significantly correlated with lamellar bodies (r=0.51, P =.006) and lung ultrasound score (r=-0.39, P=.013). Conclusion This technique has the potential to be developed into a fast, simple-to-interpret clinical test. The SAT can reliably identify preterm infants with subsequent CPAP failure and shows promise as a screening test for surfactant replacement in preterm neonates.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)66-73
Numero di pagine8
RivistaTHE JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS
Volume182
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2017

Keywords

  • FETAL LUNG MATURITY
  • RESPIRATORY-DISTRESS-SYNDROME

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