The authors describe a novel pathogenic G5540A transition in the mitochondrial transfer RNA (tRNA)(Trp) gene of a sporadic encephalomyopathy characterized by spinocerebellar ataxia. Clinical features also included neurosensorial deafness, peripheral neuropathy, and dementia. Biochemistry revealed a severe reduction of cytochrome c oxidase (COX) activity. Single- fiber PCR demonstrated higher levels of mutant genomes in COX-negative ragged red fibers than in normal fibers. These findings confirm that COX is more susceptible than other respiratory chain complexes to mutations in the mitochondrial tRNA(Trp) gene.
- Cytochrome c oxidase
- Mitochondrial DNA
- mitochondrial encephalomyopathy