A device enabling fully automated water-deficit experiments with potted grapevines

Stefano Poni, Marco Galbignani, Fabio Bernizzoni, Eugenio Magnanini, Maria Inmaculada Talaverano

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

5 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Here, we describe a novel device for programming and replenishing water transpired by potted plants. To test the robustness of the system, vines were subjected to progressive water stress (WS), the severity of which was maintained in relation to transpiration (Tc) of well-watered (WW) plants. Throughout the 40-day experiment, water supply in the WS treatment was progressively lowered to 70, 50, and 30% of WW Tc prior to rewatering. During the same stages, mean Tc of WS plants was 74, 48, 28, and 93% that of WW plants. Linear relationships between vine transpiration and water supply during the 40-day experiment (R2 = 0.95 for WW and 0.94 for WS) confirmed the reliability of the system in providing a water supply that closely tracked measured transpiration. The emptying volume of the cylinder t ank was set at 265 m L and proved to be adequate for daily water losses, which ranged from ~300 to 2300 mL. In addition to relieving operators of laborious and time-consuming manual irrigation, the system provides the ability to adjust water supply to actual water use as measured concurrently in a grapevine-enclosure system and enables customization of the water supply according to the size and transpiration potential of each vine.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)251-255
Numero di pagine5
RivistaAmerican Journal of Enology and Viticulture
Volume66
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2015

Keywords

  • chamber system
  • potted vines
  • transpiration
  • water supply

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