A cross-country comparison of Covid-19 containment measures and their effects on the epidemic curves

Fidelia Cascini, Giovanna Failla, Cecilia Gobbi, Elena Pallini, Jin Hui, Wang Luxi, Leonardo Villani, Wilm Quentin, Stefania Boccia, Walter Ricciardi

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista


Background European countries are still searching to eliminate or contain the Covid-19 pandemic. A variety of approaches have achieved different levels of success in limiting the spread of the disease early and preventing avoidable deaths. Governmental policy responses may explain these differences and this study aims to describe evidence about the effectiveness of containment measures throughout the course of the pandemic in five European countries (France, Germany, Italy, Spain and the UK). Methods The research approach adopted consisted of three steps: 1) Build a Containment Index (C.I.) that considers nine parameters to make an assessment on the strength of measures; 2) Develop dynamic epidemiological models for forecasting purposes; 3) Predict case numbers by assuming containment measures remain constant for a period of 30 days. Results Our analysis revealed that in the five European countries we compared, the use of different approaches definitively affected the effectiveness of containment measures for the Covid-19 pandemic. Conclusion The evidence found in our research can be useful to inform policy makers' decisions when deciding to introduce or relax containment measures and their timing, both during the current pandemic or in addressing possible future health crises.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1-13
Numero di pagine13
RivistaBMC Public Health
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2022


  • Containment measures
  • Covid-19
  • Health policies
  • Pandemic
  • Restrictions


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