A complete invariant for closed surfaces in the three-sphere

G Bellettini, Maurizio Paolini, Ys Wang

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista


Associated to an embedded surface in the three-sphere, we construct a diagram of fundamental groups, and prove that it is a complete invariant, whereform we deduce complete invariants of handlebody links, tunnels of handlebody links, and spatial graphs. The main ingredients in the proof of the completeness include a generalization of the Kneser conjecture for three-manifolds with boundary proved here, and extensions of Waldhausen's theorem by Evans, Tucker and Swarup. Computable invariants of handlebody links derived therefrom are calculated.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1-25
Numero di pagine25
RivistaJournal of Knot Theory and its Ramifications
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2021


  • Kneser's conjecture
  • Surfaces in three-space
  • complete invariant


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