A Clinical and Epidemiological Prevalence Study on Friedreich's Ataxia in Latium, Italy

Silvia Romano, Ilaria Bacigalupo, Christian Marcotulli, Ettore Cioffi, Enrico Silvio Bertini, Gessica Vasco, Alessia Perna, Antonio Petrucci, Roberto Massa, Erica Frezza, Carmela Romano, Marco Salvetti, Giovanni Ristori, Gabriella Silvestri, Nicola Vanacore, Carlo Casali

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista


Objective: The aim of this study was to estimate the Friedreich’s ataxia (FRDA) prevalence in a highly populated region of Italy (previous studies in small geographic areas gave a largely variable prevalence) and to define the patients’ molecular and clinical characteristics. Methods: For the pointprevalence study, we considered patients belonging to families with a molecular diagnosis of FRDA and resident in Latium on 1 January 2019. The crude prevalence of FRDA, specific for age and sex, was calculated and standardized for age using the Italian population. Moreover, we investigated possible correlations among patients’ genetic profile, symptoms, and age of onset. Results: We identified 63 FRDA patients; the crude prevalence for total, males, and females were 1.07 (95% CI: 0.81–1.37), 0.81 (95% CI: 0.54–1.22), and 1.32 (95% CI: 0.97–1.79), per 100,000 inhabitants. We divided FRDA patients by three age-at-onset groups (early-EOFA 73%; late-LOFA 11.1%; very late-VLOFA 15.9%) and found significant differences in the scale for the assessment and rating of ataxia (SARA; p = 0.001), a biased distribution of the shorter allele (p = 0.001), an excess of scoliosis and cardiomyopathy (p = 0.001) in EOFA. To determine the contribution of patients’ molecular and clinical characteristics to the annual 2 Neuroepidemiology Romano et al. DOI: 10.1159/000525159 rate of progression, we performed a multivariate regression analysis that gave an R2 value of 45.3%. Conclusions: We estimated the crude and standardized prevalence of FRDA in Latium. A clinical classification (EOFA, LOFA, VLOFA) gave significant correlations. This epidemiological estimate allows monitoring disease prevalence over time in cohort studies and/or for developing disease registry
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)212-218
Numero di pagine7
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2022


  • Age-standardized prevalence
  • Cohort Studies
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Epidemiology
  • Female
  • Friedreich Ataxia
  • Friedreich’s ataxia
  • Humans
  • Italy
  • Male
  • Prevalence


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