In order to test the hypothesis that a greater sympathetic activity underlies partial reversibility of the bronchial obstruction in selected patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), we assessed the pulmonary clearance of inhaled I-meta-iodobenzylguanidine ( I-MIBG) radioaerosol in 10 patients with fixed and nine with reversible obstruction. The clearance of inhaled I-MIBG is known to be inversely related to I-MIBG uptake by adrenergic terminals. Groups were matched for age and judged free from confounding comorbidity. The penetration index did not distinguish between the groups (fixed obstruction, 97.39+/-14.59%; reversible obstruction, 89.09+/-19.95%; P=0.659); this excludes the possibility that the inequality of tracer penetration could affect I-MIBG clearance. The I-MIBG clearance was 140.92+/-7.67 min in patients with fixed obstruction and 151.08+/-31.54 min in patients with reversible obstruction ( P=0.604). In conclusion, COPD patients with fixed and reversible obstruction show comparable binding of the tracer to adrenergic pulmonary receptors. Thus, a greater receptor responsiveness or post-receptor mechanism probably underlies the partial reversibility of bronchial obstruction.
|Numero di pagine||4|
|Rivista||Nuclear Medicine Communications|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Pubblicato - 2002|