Young Adult Unemployment Through the Lens of Social Media: Italy as a Case Study

Andrea Bonanomi, Alessandro Rosina, Alessandra Urbinati, Kyriaki Kalimeri, Ciro Cattuto, Daniela Paolotti

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Youth unemployment rates are still in alerting levels for many countries, among which Italy. Direct consequences include poverty, social exclusion, and criminal behaviours, while negative impact on the future employability and wage cannot be obscured. In this study, we employ survey data together with social media data, and in particular likes on Facebook Pages, to analyse personality, moral values, but also cultural elements of the young unemployed population in Italy. Our findings show that there are small but significant differences in personality and moral values, with the unemployed males to be less agreeable while females more open to new experiences. At the same time, unemployed have a more collectivist point of view, valuing more in-group loyalty, authority, and purity foundations. Interestingly, topic modelling analysis did not reveal major differences in interests and cultural elements of the unemployed. Utilisation patterns emerged though; the employed seem to use Facebook to connect with local activities, while the unemployed use it mostly as for entertainment purposes and as a source of news, making them susceptible to mis/disinformation. We believe these findings can help policymakers get a deeper understanding of this population and initiatives that improve both the hard and the soft skills of this fragile population.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Pages380-396
Number of pages17
Volume12467
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Event12th International Conference on Social Informatics, SocInfo 2020 - ita
Duration: 6 Oct 20209 Nov 2020

Publication series

NameLECTURE NOTES IN COMPUTER SCIENCE

Conference

Conference12th International Conference on Social Informatics, SocInfo 2020
Cityita
Period6/10/209/11/20

Keywords

  • Facebook
  • Human values
  • Inequalities
  • Moral foundations
  • NLP
  • Personality traits
  • Social media
  • Topic modeling
  • Unemployment

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