[Autom. eng. transl.] Xu Guangqi 徐光啟 (1562-1633) lived in the late Ming period and from his youth he oriented himself to a bureaucratic career, engaging in the study of the classics of Confucianism. His training and his identity as a literary official later combined in an original way with his adhesion to Christianity. In the past, European historiography, due to the knowledge of this character, has often relied too heavily on Jesuit sources, by their apologetic and hagiographic nature, which ideologically presented Xu as a model Christian. The study of his writings remains fundamental for a deeper and more balanced knowledge of this figure. The essay opens a volume that collects about twenty writings by Xu Guangqi, translated in Italian in large part for the first time. These texts have as their common denominator the perspective of "celestial studies" 天 學 Tianxue, according to the vision developed in China by the Jesuits together with their Chinese interlocutors. By presenting these writings, the particular historical context in which Xu lived is illustrated and some of his biographical features are described that allow us to grasp their spirit of openness to the new and the taste for research at the same time scientific and spiritual. Its originality lies above all in the rejection of the traditional idea of absolute Chinese cultural superiority towards other peoples. His perspective was rather that of openness, confrontation and exchange. Xu Guangqi was able to read clearly the signs of decline of the Ming dynasty and, as an official, he worked to find effective solutions to this crisis that were political and social but also philosophical and religious.
|Translated title of the contribution||[Autom. eng. transl.] Xu Guangqi, research and opening|
|Title of host publication||XU GUANGQI E GLI STUDI CELESTI. Dialogo di un letterato cristiano dell’epoca Ming con la scienza occidentale|
|Number of pages||30|
|Publication status||Published - 2020|