Women’s family care responsibilities, employment and health: A tale of two countries

Chiara Mussida, Raffaella Patimo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Persistently low employment of women in some countries can still be ascribed to a traditional perception of women’s role in society. According to observed data and prevailing social and cultural norms, women have been bearing the primary burdens of housework, childcare, and other family responsibilities. The unequal share of care responsibilities between women and men further worsens the disadvantages of women in balancing public and private life, with an impact on their employment and health outcomes. In this paper we investigate the role of family responsibilities in shaping employment and health outcomes by gender, in Italy and France, during and after the economic downturn. We use data from the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions for the time windows of 2007–2010 and 2011–2014. Our results support that gender differences in the share of responsibilities roles in the public and private sphere influence the employability and health perception of women.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)489-507
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Family and Economic Issues
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Employment
  • Gender
  • Family care
  • Health


Dive into the research topics of 'Women’s family care responsibilities, employment and health: A tale of two countries'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this