Wirtschaft und deren Verweigerumg: Klara von Assisi und das privilegium paupertatis

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] Economy and its refusal: Clare of Assisi and the privilegium paupertatis

Maria Pia Alberzoni*

*Corresponding author

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Economy and its Denial: Clare of Assisi and the privilegium paupertatis Every attempt at monastic reform is also expressed in clear choices of an economic nature, as the experience of St. Francis of Assisi shows: the renunciation of land-based economies, as well as monetary economies, reveals a desire to be inspired by the model of the Gospel and the early Church. Clare’s decision to live according to the Gospel is usually associated with the privilegium paupertatis, a document granted to her and to the community of St. Damiano by Gregory IX. The reasons why such a document was requested are primarily to be found in the history of so-called Female Franciscanism. There were at least two components to it: on the one hand, there were the sorores minores, among whom the community of Clare was located; on the other hand, there were the monasteries founded from 1218 by Cardinal Hugo of Ostia, which were to orient their life according to the forma vitae and the Rule of Benedict written by him. Since 1220 the Cardinal had tried to win Clare and her community over to the new papal monastic system. After the death of Francis and the election of Cardinal Hugo as Pope Gregory IX, Clare accepted the attitude of the Pope, but in return obtained a document which allowed her not to be assimilated in all points to the »papal« monastic system. The two forms of Female Franciscanism also differed in their conception of poverty: for Francis and Clare it was understood as sanctissima paupertas. Gregory IX and the theologians of his time, on the other hand, saw in poverty a virtue to strive for, a form of asceticism (altissima paupertas). With the privilegium paupertatis, Gregory IX tried to bend the conception of Clare into an ascetic interpretation of poverty, while Clare considered this document fundamental in order to differ from the positions held by the Pope. The privilegium paupertatis allowed her not to have to accept a feudal gift, but it did not forbid her from handling money, especially for the poor. While the cloistered papal nuns were excluded from economic life, in 1217 Clare and her sisters had enough money to purchase a plot of land in Foligno on which a hospice for the poor and sick was built.
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] Economy and its refusal: Clare of Assisi and the privilegium paupertatis
Original languageGerman
Title of host publicationZwischen Klausur und Welt. Autonomie und Interaktion spätmittelalterlicher geistlicher Frauengemeinschaften
Pages309-336
Number of pages28
Volumevol. 91
Publication statusPublished - 2022
EventZwischen Klausur und Welt. Autonomie und Interaktion spätmittelalterlicher geistlicher Frauengemeinschaften (Herbsttagung des Konstanzer Arbeitskreises) - Reichenau (Konstanz), DE
Duration: 10 Oct 201713 Oct 2017

Publication series

NameVorträge und Forschungen

Conference

ConferenceZwischen Klausur und Welt. Autonomie und Interaktion spätmittelalterlicher geistlicher Frauengemeinschaften (Herbsttagung des Konstanzer Arbeitskreises)
CityReichenau (Konstanz), DE
Period10/10/1713/10/17

Keywords

  • Chiara d'Assisi
  • Clare of Assisi
  • Enclosure
  • Gregorio IX
  • Gregory IX
  • Privilegium paupertatis
  • clausura
  • female monasticism
  • monachesimo femminile

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