Wheat bread fortification by grape pomace powder: Nutritional, technological, antioxidant, and sensory properties

Gianluca Giuberti, Roberta Tolve, Barbara Simonato, Giada Rainero, Federico Bianchi, Corrado Rizzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Grape pomace powder (GPP), a by-product from the winemaking process, was used to substitute flour for wheat bread fortification within 0, 5, and 10 g/100 g. Rheological properties of control and fortified doughs, along with physicochemical and nutritional characteristics, antioxidant activity, and the sensory analysis of the obtained bread were considered. The GPP addition influenced the doughs’ rheological properties by generating more tenacious and less extensible products. Concerning bread, pH values and volume of fortified products decreased as the GPP inclusion level increased in the recipe. Total phenolic compounds and the antioxidant capacity of bread samples, evaluated by FRAP (ferric reducing ability of plasma) and ABTS (2,20-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid)) assays, increased with GPP addition. Moreover, the GPP inclusion level raised the total dietary fiber content of bread. Regarding sensory evaluation, GPP fortification had a major impact on the acidity, the global flavor, the astringency, and the wine smell of bread samples without affecting the overall bread acceptability. The current results suggest that GPP could be an attractive ingredient used to obtain fortified bread, as it is a source of fiber and polyphenols with potentially positive effects on human health.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-82
Number of pages8
JournalFoods
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Agro-industrial by-products
  • Antioxidant activity
  • Sensory analysis
  • Grape pomace
  • Phenolic compounds
  • Bread fortification

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