What do physicians believe about the way decisions are made? A pilot study on metacognitive knowledge in the medical context

Paola Iannello, Alessandro Antonietti, Silvia Riva, Gabriella Pravettoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Metacognition relative to medical decision making has been poorly investigated to date. However, beliefs about methods of decision making (metacognition) play a fundamental role in determining the efficiency of the decision itself. In the present study, we investigated a set of beliefs that physicians develop in relation to the modes of making decisions in a professional environment. The Solomon Questionnaire, designed to assess metacognitive knowledge about behaviors and mental processes involved in decision making, was administered to a sample of 18 emergency physicians, 18 surgeons, and 18 internists. Significant differences in metacognitive knowledge emerged among these three medical areas. Physicians’ self-reports about the decision process mirrored the peculiarities of the context in which they operate. Their metacognitive knowledge demonstrated a reflective attitude that is an effective tool during the decision making process
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)691-706
Number of pages16
JournalEurope's Journal of Psychology
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Emergency care
  • Internal medicine
  • Medical decision making
  • Metacognition

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