Vocal and visual stimulation, congruence and lateralization affect brain oscillations in interspecies emotional positive and negative interactions

Michela Balconi, Maria Elide Vanutelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present research explored the effect of cross-modal integration of emotional cues (auditory and visual (AV)) compared with only visual (V) emotional cues in observing interspecies interactions. The brain activity was monitored when subjects processed AV and V situations, which represented an emotional (positive or negative), interspecies (human–animal) interaction. Congruence (emotionally congruous or incongruous visual and auditory patterns) was also modulated. electroencephalography brain oscillations (from delta to beta) were analyzed and the cortical source localization (by standardized Low Resolution Brain Electromagnetic Tomography) was applied to the data. Frequency band (mainly low-frequency delta and theta) showed a significant brain activity increasing in response to negative compared to positive interactions within the right hemisphere. Moreover, differences were found based on stimulation type, with an increased effect for AV compared with V. Finally, delta band supported a lateralized right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) activity in response to negative and incongruous interspecies interactions, mainly for AV. The contribution of cross-modality, congruence (incongruous patterns), and lateralization (right DLPFC) in response to interspecies emotional interactions was discussed at light of a “negative lateralized effect.”
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)297-310
Number of pages14
JournalSocial Neuroscience
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Acoustic Stimulation
  • Brain oscillations
  • Cross-modal auditory/visual
  • Emotions
  • Interspecies
  • Valence

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