Valutazione del burden delle malattie genetiche in un ospedale pediatrico italiano e impatto sul Servizio Sanitario Nazionale (dati preliminari) [Poster ID 400]

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] Evaluation of the burden of genetic diseases in an Italian pediatric hospital and impact on the National Health Service (preliminary data) [Poster ID 400]

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

[Autom. eng. transl.] INTRODUCTION Genetic diseases are associated with high morbidity, mortality and high socio-health and economic impact. In the last 40 years, few studies have investigated the frequency and impact of genetic diseases in pediatric hospitals. This project aims to evaluate, for the first time in Italy, the burden of genetic diseases and a large genetic component, at a national and international center of excellence for pediatric care - the Bambino Gesù Pediatric Hospital (OPBG) - in order to understand the implications for the NHS. METHODS A retrospective study of hospital activity data was conducted, on an annual basis (2014) and including ordinary admissions (RO) and day hospital (DH). RESULTS. More than 33% of ROs and 1.2% of DHs correlate with genetic diseases or a large genetic component. The largest volumes of hospital activity are correlated with congenital malformations (42.2%), somatic mutations diseases or tumors (18.4%) and multifactorial diseases (15.5%) (Figure 1). The percentage of extraregion patients is equal to 43.7%, of which 21.7% moves from their region due to congenital malformations, 7.6% for Mendelian diseases and 6% for oncological diseases. CONCLUSIONS Our data underline that today genetically determined diseases or those with a large genetic component represent one of the main health needs of the population. Knowing the overall "weight" of genetic diseases is of great interest to public health, as the care path of these patients is very expensive for the NHS. In this historical phase in which the sustainability of health systems appears strongly compromised, it becomes important not only to know the number of cases of pediatric patients suffering from genetic pathologies, but also to understand their impact on the NHS and to guarantee patients better planning of care services That they need.
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] Evaluation of the burden of genetic diseases in an Italian pediatric hospital and impact on the National Health Service (preliminary data) [Poster ID 400]
Original languageItalian
Title of host publicationAtti del 49° Congresso Nazionale della Società Italiana di Igiene, Medicina Preventiva e Sanità Pubblica (SItI) “La Sanità Pubblica guarda al futuro: gli assetti istituzionali e la ricerca al servizio della salute”
Pages541-542
Number of pages2
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Event49° Congresso Nazionale della Società Italiana di Igiene, Medicina Preventiva e Sanità Pubblica (SItI) “La Sanità Pubblica guarda al futuro: gli assetti istituzionali e la ricerca al servizio della salute” - Stazione Marittima di Napoli
Duration: 16 Nov 201619 Nov 2016

Conference

Conference49° Congresso Nazionale della Società Italiana di Igiene, Medicina Preventiva e Sanità Pubblica (SItI) “La Sanità Pubblica guarda al futuro: gli assetti istituzionali e la ricerca al servizio della salute”
CityStazione Marittima di Napoli
Period16/11/1619/11/16

Keywords

  • Burden
  • Malattie genetiche

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