5 Citations (Scopus)


Candida and Aspergillus species are important causes of opportunistic infection in an ever-growing number of vulnerable patients, and these infections are associated with high mortality. This has partly been attributed to the emerging resistance of pathogenic fungi to antifungal therapy, which potentially compromises the management of infected patients. Multi-azole resistance of Aspergillus fumigatus is a current health problem, as well as is the co-resistance of Candida glabrata to both azoles and echinocandins. In most cases, negative clinical consequences of reduced in vitro fungal susceptibility to azoles and/or echinocandins can be traced to acquisition of particular resistance mechanisms. While strategies using antifungal combinations or adjunctive agents that maximize the efficacy of existing antifungals may limit treatment failures, new therapeutic approaches, including antifungal agents with novel mechanisms of action, are urgent. In the meantime, more efforts should be devoted to close monitoring of antifungal resistance and its evolution in the clinical setting. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)224-234
Number of pages11
JournalCurrent Fungal Infection Reports
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • Antifungal drug resistance
  • Antifungal treatment
  • Aspergillus species
  • Azoles
  • Bloodstream infection
  • Breakthrough infection
  • Candida species
  • Clinical outcome
  • Echinocandins
  • Efflux-pump gene overexpression
  • Fungemia
  • Invasive fungal infection
  • Lanosterol 14α-demethylase gene mutation
  • Multidrug resistance
  • β-1,3-D-glucan synthase inhibition


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