|Translated title of the contribution||[Autom. eng. transl.] Man|
|Title of host publication||L'enciclopedia della filosofia e delle scienze umane|
|Publication status||Published - 1996|
[Autom. eng. transl.] In a general sense, the term is used to indicate the living being with consciousness and desire, of ethical-intellectual personality and historical-political existence. In a more determined philosophical sense, man is the conscious and living being of his own relational nature, of his being a relationship oriented in a double sense (that is: in dual direction and meaning): relationship of the self to itself (self-relation) and of self to other (hetero relationship). Both for the ontological profile and for the cognitive-intentional one, it is a single relationship in which identity and otherness exchange roles. The otherness consists not only of another being that presents itself in the relationship and in the affective and cognitive relationship, the other is the identity of the self. The various philosophical anthropologies developed since the modern age have often reacted to the reduction of man to "thinking thing" operated by Descartes. The so-called "human sciences", by placing man as a field of scientific investigation, have by far opened up a better understanding, even philosophical, of the complex human nature.