Un’ulteriore accezione di σῶμα nei LXX

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] A further meaning of σῶμα in the LXX

Giancarlo Toloni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In the Septuagint's Version, in 1 Sam 31:10b.12aγ (bis); Nah 3:3bα.β, the Greek substantive σῶμα, takes an further connotation, instead of meaning of “person” which it is in the remaining Hebrew Bible. The context of 2 above mentioned passages is the scene of 2 war engagements: respectly, against the Philistines and against Nineveh. In both passages σῶμα clearly designates the bodies of fallen in battle. This meaning (“corpse”) constitutes an obvious exception to sense that the Greek substantive usually has in the LXX, e.g. “live body,” or “person”. In facts, here it is a matter of a regress into the semantic evolution of this word: in these 2 passages, σῶμα took again the primitive meaning of “corpse,” documented in Homer, probably owing to influences and interferences which are difficult to explain, if not inside of the line of a semantic development, that is never a fluid and regular process.
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] A further meaning of σῶμα in the LXX
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)145-164
Number of pages20
JournalEstudios Biblicos
Publication statusPublished - 1996


  • Septuagint, Hebrew Bible, Homer, σῶμα, corpse, live body, person, regress, semantic evolution

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