Backgrounds. Although uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) theoretically allows the direct palpation of any zone of the lung through a small incision, sometimes it can be difficult to localize pure ground-glass opacities anyway. The aim of this study is to evaluate the usefulness and safety of preoperative computed tomography (CT)-guided microcoil localization of GGO nodules in patients undergoing uniportal VATS lung resection. Methods. The clinical data and CT images of 30 consecutive patients (30 pulmonary nodules) who underwent preoperative CT-guided coil localization and subsequent uniportal VATS resection, from January 2017 to October 2018, were reviewed. Results. All the CT-localization procedures have been performed with success (30/30) and the mean procedure time was 35±15 minutes. The mean size of the nodules was 15,53±6,72 mm, and the mean distance of the nodules from the pleural surface was 19,08±12,08 mm. Eleven nodules (36,7%) were pure ground-glass opacities and 19 (63,3%) were mixed ground-glass with a solid component of 50% or more. In 5 cases, the localization procedure was complicated by asymptomatic pneumothoraxes and in 1 case the pneumothorax required chest tube insertion. In any case a conversion to thoracotomy was avoided because all nodules were identified and resected through uniportal VATS. Conclusions. Preoperative CT-guided coil localization seems to be a feasible, safe, and accurate procedure. It makes uniportal VATS an easy approach even for resecting small, deep, and impalpable nodules.
- lung, ablation, microwave, pulmonary, tumor