[Autom. eng. transl.] Multilateralism, that is the orientation to seek common and coordinated policies in place of unilateral decisions or bilateral actions, is generally considered one of the constitutive elements of the liberal international order since its origins, in the aftermath of the Second World War. At the same time, albeit with different accents, it has long been a defining element of American foreign policy. In detaching itself from this tradition, the Donald Trump administration seems to show a clear rejection of multilateralism, both on a practical and a conceptual level. This position has resulted in the abandonment of numerous tables, agreements and multilateral organizations - from the Paris Agreement on climate change, to economic partnerships (TTIP and TPP), to some UN agencies, to the Iran Deal, to the Open Skies Treaty, to the Global Compact on Migration, to the World Health Organization - or in their open critique. Dwelling in particular on the international framework characterized by the Covid-19 pandemic, the chapter shows how the positions of the 45th US President on multilateralism are not completely isolated, or lacking elements of continuity with the American foreign policy of the post Cold War: at the same time, however, the Trump administration's blow to the multilateral principle as the "most legitimate organizational form" of the liberal international order is broad and potentially lasting.
|Translated title of the contribution||[Autom. eng. transl.] Trump against everyone? The United States and the crisis of multilateralism|
|Title of host publication||TRUMP CONTRO L'ORDINE INTERNAZIONALE. LA POLITICA ESTERA DEGLI STATI UNITI NELLA TRANSIZIONE CONTEMPORANEA|
|Number of pages||25|
|Publication status||Published - 2021|
- Amministrazione Trump
- Politica Estera USA